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In this paper, issues involved in the design of a real-time database which maintains data temporal consistency are discussed. The concept of data-deadline is introduced and time cognizant transaction scheduling policies are proposed. Informally, data-deadline is a deadline assigned to a transaction due to the temporal constraints of the data accessed by the transaction. Further, two time cognizant forced wait policies which improve performance significantly by forcing a transaction to delay further execution until a new version of sensor data becomes available are proposed. A way to exploit temporal data similarity to improve performance is also proposed. Finally, these policies are evaluated through detailed simulation experiments. The simulation results show that taking advantage of temporal data semantics in transaction scheduling can significantly improve the performance of user transactions in realtime database systems. In particular, it is demonstrated that under the forced wait policy, the performance can be improved significantly. Further improvements result by exploiting data similarity.
Knowledge and Data Engineering, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:14 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: Sep/Oct 2002