Skip to Main Content
A novel design concept to turn on the SCR device by applying the substrate-triggered method is first proposed in the literature for effective on-chip ESD protection design. To avoid the transient-induced latch-up issue, the substrate-triggered SCR devices are stacked in the ESD protection circuits. The turn-on efficiency of the SCR can be greatly improved by applying the substrate-triggered method. The on-chip ESD protection circuits designed with the substrate-triggered SCR devices for input pad, output pad, and power pad have been successfully verified in a 0.25 μm CMOS process. The substrate-triggered SCR device with a smaller layout area of only 40 μm×20 μm can sustain an HBM (human-body-model) ESD stress of higher than 7 kV.