Shared memory multiprocessors have returned to popularity thanks to rapid spreading of commodity multi-core architectures. However, little attention has been paid to supporting effective streaming applications on these architectures. In this paper we describe FastFlow, a low-level programming framework based on lock-free queues explicitly designed to support high-level languages for streaming applications. We compare FastFlowwith state-of-the-art programming frameworks such as Cilk, OpenMP, and Intel TBB. We experimentally demonstrate that FastFlow is always more efficient than them on a given real world application: the speedup of FastFlow over other solutions may be substantial for fine grain tasks, for example +35% over OpenMP, +226% over Cilk, +96% over TBB for the alignment of protein P01111 against UniProt DB using the Smith-Waterman algorithm.