This paper proposes a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) automatic target recognition approach based on a global scattering center model. The scattering center model is established offline using range profiles at multiple viewing angles, so the original data amount is much less than that required for establishing SAR image templates. Scattering center features at different target poses can be conveniently predicted by this model. Moreover, the model can be modified to predict features for various target configurations. For the SAR image to be classified, regional features in different levels are extracted by thresholding and morphological operations. The regional features will be matched to the predicted scattering center features of different targets to arrive at a decision. This region-to-point matching is much easier to implement and is less sensitive to nonideal factors such as noise and pose estimation error than point-to-point matching. A matching scheme going through from coarse to fine regional features in the inner cycle and going through different pose hypotheses in the outer cycle is designed to improve the efficiency and robustness of the classifier. Experiments using both data predicted by a high-frequency electromagnetic (EM) code and data measured in the MSTAR program verify the validity of the method.