Thermal insulation glazed hollow bead and ceramisite concrete aimed at building energy conservation of the development of the research of the structure of self-thermal insulation material . The performance optimization research on mechanical properties and thermal properties is the key problem in developing process. The objectives of performance optimization were proposed firstly. Based on the performance requirements of strength and thermal properties, the theories of interface strengthening and pore structure were introduced. And then, the optimization approaches of thermal insulation concrete were proposed according to theoretical analysis. Through the experimental study the effect regularity of the concrete aggregate on mechanical properties and thermal properties were analyzed. Meanwhile, appropriate and effective modification technology and crystallization technology were proposed. The conclusion shows that, the material is bearing general physical and mechanical properties of concrete, and it also has excellent thermal insulation performance. It can be proved that insulation concrete could be used in structural insulation engineering.