Recent conversations pertaining to licensure of software engineers in the US and offshoring had me thinking about Carmen again. I wondered how well she would have fared if her secret agent cover was as a software guru. Would she be able to pass as a software engineer in several different countries-for example, in the US, India, Malaysia, Argentina, and Ireland? Are there differences in how software engineering is practiced in different cultures that are so profound that even a super spy, expert at mimicry and disguise, couldn't fool her colleagues? The answers to these questions have important implications for the transnational practice of software engineering, for outsourcing and offshoring policy and strategy, and even for national security.