The early detection of biomechanical modifications in the arterial wall could be used as a predictor factor for various diseases, for example hypertension or atherosclerosis. In this work a transient elastography technique is used for the in vitro evaluation of the arterial wall elasticity. The obtained Young modulus is compared with the one obtained by a more classical approach: pressure-diameter relationships. As a sample an arterial phantom made of PolyVinyl Alcohol (PVA) gel was used. Diameter variation due to pressure variation inside the phantom was recorded by means of ultrasound. Through both techniques similar Young modulus estimations are obtained showing in this way the feasibility of applying transient elastography for the arterial wall elasticity assessment.