In order to electrically investigate the AC losses of the conductor and the shield in an actual HTS cable with shield, we attached two voltage-leads to the conductor and shield of a short cable which is the same as the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) HTS cable under the field test, and examined it. The result shows that the polarities of the loss voltages measured from both voltage-leads are opposite. The ratio (1.6) between the losses for different transport periods measured from the conductor-lead is quite large. It is considered from these results that the conductor loss is the sum of the losses measured from the conductor-lead and shield-lead. And this conductor loss corresponds well with the numerical result too. Moreover, the total loss of the short cable measured from the proposed electrical method at 77 K was compared with that of the KEPCO cable by calorimetry at 66.6 K through our numerical model. The difference between the measured losses and numerical ones is almost the same. This means that the shield loss is measured from the shield-lead, and the conductor loss from both voltage-leads.