A fully-integrated FMCW radar system for automotive applications operating at 77 GHz has been proposed. Utilizing a fractional- synthesizer as the FMCW generator, the transmitter linearly modulates the carrier frequency across a range of 700 MHz. The receiver together with an external baseband processor detects the distance and relative speed by conducting an FFT-based algorithm. Millimeter-wave PA and LNA are incorporated on chip, providing sufficient gain, bandwidth, and sensitivity. Fabricated in 65-nm CMOS technology, this prototype provides a maximum detectable distance of 106 meters for a mid-size car while consuming 243 mW from a 1.2-V supply.