In this paper, the robust state feedback stabilization of uncertain discrete-time constrained nonlinear systems in which the loop is closed through a packet-based communication network is addressed. In order to cope with model uncertainty, time-varying transmission delays, and packet dropouts (typically affecting the performances of networked control systems), a robust control scheme combining model predictive control with a network delay compensation strategy is proposed in the context of non-acknowledged UDP-like networks. The contribution of the paper is twofold. First, the issue of guaranteeing the recursive feasibility of the optimization problem associated to the receding horizon control law has been addressed, such that the invariance of the feasible region under the networked closed-loop dynamics can be guaranteed. Secondly, by exploiting a novel characterization of regional Input-to-State Stability in terms of time-varying Lyapunov functions, the networked closed-loop system has been proven to be Input-to-State Stable with respect to bounded perturbations.