A three-band index was previously proposed and successfully utilized to estimate the chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a) in case-II waters. However, this index shows uncertainties in highly turbid situations. In this study, an enhanced three-band index is proposed to solve this problem. Since the new index employs bands that are identical to those of the original threeband index, it can be applied to Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) data. The performance of the index was evaluated using the data collected from two turbid Asian lakes: Lake Kasumigaura, Japan, and Lake Dianchi, China. The results showed that the Chl-a predicted by the enhanced threeband index was strongly correlated with the measured Chl-a (R2 > 0.83), and the root-mean-square error (rmse) and the normalized root-mean-square error (NRMS) were both reduced for the two lakes (for Lake Kasumigaura, rmse from 13.97 to 8.68 mg · m-3 and NRMS from 19.01% to 12.30%; for Lake Dianchi, rmse from 41.29 to 15.28 mg · m-3 and NRMS from 35.83% to 21.34%). These findings imply that, if accurately atmospheric-corrected MERIS data are available, the enhanced three-band index could be used for mapping Chl-a even in highly turbid case-II waters.