A phase reversal data transmission system is described, capable of operating at 2000 bauds over private telephone lines and at 1200 bauds over switched networks. The advantages and limitations of the system are discussed from a theoretical and practical standpoint. The clocking problem in data transmission is considered and several approaches are indicated. A summary is given of extensive field tests over switched and private lines in Europe and on private (SAGE) lines in the U.S.
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