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Photoreflectance spectra of a high-quality ZnO epilayer on the ScAlMgO4 (0001) substrate grown by laser molecular-beam epitaxy exhibited clear excitonic resonances due to three excitons associated with uppermost valence bands (A, B, and C excitons). The oscillator strengths of the B and C excitons are larger than that of the A exciton. Their broadening was interpreted to be due to the contribution by exciton–polaritons in terms of large longitudinal–transverse splitting of respective excitons. Dependence of the exciton energy on temperature was well fitted assuming the Bose–Einstein statistics giving the Einstein characteristic temperature ΘE of 380 K (33 meV). © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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