The distance between an object and stereo vision sensors can be measured using image processing and known system parameters. A detailed distance measurement synthesis procedure to meet system specifications is presented and illustrated with an example. An error analysis shows that error is proportional to distance. System parameters such as separation between sensor elements, sensor focal length, and sensor array dimensions are related in the design and error equations presented. The main desired design goal is to establish the smallest image sensor array size which will meet system operating specifications. Minimum and maximum distance, object height, optic parameters, scene shift, and sensor array parameters are related.