Chinese calligraphy is both an art form and the embodiment of imagery thinking. The process of calligraphy involves studying tablets or documents, remembering the contents, and creating new artwork with calligraphic images from memory. All these steps are related to simulation intelligence, thought patterns, and cognition models. Ancient tablets were damaged by human hands and eroded by the environment, thus considerably degrading their original appearance. Automated reconstruction of the characters represented in the tablets, completed in the past by an experienced expert, is a necessary preprocessing stage that simulates the imagery thinking of calligraphy creation. Following reconstruction, a stroke-reforming approach based on statistical models generates new calligraphic styles. We present the results of this approach and discuss ongoing problems. This article is part of a special issue on AI in China.