It is of great importance to develop a robust and fast tracking algorithm in passive localization and tracking system because of its inherent disadvantages such as weak observability and large initial errors. In this correspondence, a new algorithm referred to as the iterated unscented Kalman filter (IUKF) is proposed based on the analysis and comparison of conventional nonlinear tracking problem. The algorithm is developed from UKF but it can obtain more accurate state and covariance estimation. Compared with the traditional approaches (e.g., extended Kalman filter (EKF) and UKF) used in passive localization, the proposed method has potential advantages in robustness, convergence speed, and tracking accuracy. The correctness as well as validity of the algorithm is demonstrated through numerical simulation and experiment results.