As part of an ongoing investigation into the development of a dental digital radiographic (DDR) system using a complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor, this study developed hardware and software with a graphical user interface to acquire and display intra-oral images from a prototype DDR system. The aim of this study was to develop a DDR system using a CMOS sensor and evaluate its characteristics. Electrical signals that were generated by the CMOS sensor were transformed into digital images by a control computer equipped using a USB board. The distance between the X-ray tube and the CMOS sensor was adjusted within the range of 10-40 cm to provide the optimal image quality. In order to evaluate the image quality according to variations in the dose, phantom images (60 kVp, 7 mA) were obtained at exposure times of 0.03, 0.05, 0.08, 0.10, and 0.12 s, and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was calculated from the phantom image data. The modulation transfer function (MTF) was obtained from a Fourier transform of the line spread function, which was itself derived from the edge spread function of a sharp edge image acquired using the exposure conditions of 60 kVp, 7 mA, and 0.08 s exposure time. The best contrast and focus were obtained at 20 cm. The SNR level was found to increase with increasing exposure time ranging from 0.03 to 0.08 s. The results obtained at 10% of the MTF showed that the resolution of the DDR system was approximately 6.2 line pairs per millimeter. The characteristics of the prototype DDR system have potential applications in intra-oral dental radiographic imaging. The fully developed DDR system can be used for making a clinical diagnosis with further improvements in the acquisition time and spatial resolution.