This paper studies static and dynamic decentralized versions of the search model known as cellular genetic algorithm (cGA), in which individuals are located in a specific topology and interact only with their neighbors. Making changes in the shape of such topology or in the neighborhood may give birth to a high number of algorithmic variants. We perform these changes in a methodological way by tuning the concept of ratio. Since the relationship (ratio) between the topology and the neighborhood shape defines the search selection pressure, we propose to analyze in depth the influence of this ratio on the exploration/exploitation tradeoff. As we will see, it is difficult to decide which ratio is best suited for a given problem. Therefore, we introduce a preprogrammed change of this ratio during the evolution as a possible additional improvement that removes the need of specifying a single ratio. A later refinement will lead us to the first adaptive dynamic kind of cellular models to our knowledge. We conclude that these dynamic cGAs have the most desirable behavior among all the evaluated ones in terms of efficiency and accuracy; we validate our results on a set of seven different problems of considerable complexity in order to better sustain our conclusions.