High-performance bandpass and bandstop microwave coplanar filters, which operate from 22 to 91 GHz, have been fabricated on Si substrates. This was achieved using an optimized proton implantation process that converts the standard low-resistivity (∼10 Ω·cm) Si to a semi-insulating state. The bandpass filters consist of coupled lines to form a series resonator, while the bandstop filter was designed in a double-folded short-end stub structure. For the bandpass filters at 40 and 91 GHz, low insertion loss was measured, close to electromagnetic simulation values. We also fabricated excellent bandstop filters with very low transmission loss of ∼1 dB and deep band rejection at both 22 and 50 GHz. The good filter performance was confirmed by the higher substrate impedance to ground, which was extracted from the well-matched S-parameter equivalent-circuit data.