A fiber-optic loop-configured passive network using burst TDMA scheme which features high reliability and efficient communication capability is presented. The basic analysis for the passive network design including the level diagram, dynamic range, and TDMA burst synchronization are discussed. It is calculated that about 20 stations can be installed if the output peak power of laser diode is +20 dBm and the connector pair loss of optical access coupler is 1 dB. Efficient data transmission of nearly 80 percent with a frame length of 1 ms can be obtained in the TDMA system for 20 stations. The station equipment designs concerning to the burst-mode optical transmission and the unique word detection are also described. An experimental system model with three stations using 51.2-Mbit/s bit rate is constructed, and the feasibility of this passive loop-configured network has been confirmed.