The properties of Alnicos and elongated single-domain fine-particle materials, both interpreted as due to shape anisotropy of fine particles, are still far short of those predicted by simple theory. The hard ferrites, with properties due to magnetocrystalline anisotropy, come much closer, but are restricted by their low magnetization. The search for a combination of high magnetization and high magnetocrystalline anisotropy has led to the investigation of a variety of intermetallic compounds. Some of them, particularly the cobalt-rare earths, appear quite promising. Mechanical grinding often has an adverse effect on the magnetic properties of crystal anisotropy materials. Chemical stability is also often a problem. Crystal anisotropy materials in general have high values of intrinsic coercive force. This makes them especially suitable for applications involving widely varying dynamic conditions. Their proper evaluation may be best done using criteria other than the usual maximum energy product.