"Intelligent Optimal Energy Management System for Hybrid Power Sources Including Fuel Cell and Battery",
Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on,
"Study of the key technologies of V2G-based PEV charging and discharging facilities",
Control Conference (CCC), 2013 32nd Chinese,
Volume: Issue: , 26-28 July 2013
This study presents the use of hybrid photovoltaic-fuel cell (PV-FC) renewable energy scheme for vehicle-to-grid (V2G) battery-charging stations. The hybrid PV-FC DC interface scheme is dynamically controlled using a self-regulating tri-loop controller based on multi-objective particle swarm optimisation. The proposed utilisation scheme ensures efficient DC source energy utilisation from the hybrid PV-FC DC with minimal DC current inrush conditions and a fully stabilised DC bus voltage. The multi-loop battery-charging regulator allows for hybrid (voltage, current and power) charging modes for efficient, fast charging and DC energy efficient utilisation. The proposed hybrid renewable green energy PV-FC battery-charging scheme is fully validated by simulation and laboratory prototype testing.