A novel symmetric anchor-shaped active frequency selective surface (AFSS) with a wide tuning frequency range is proposed. Varactor diodes are used as the active tuning components at the center of each AFSS unit. The equivalent circuit model of the AFSS unit is extracted. SPICE-based circuit simulation and full-wave simulation are compared to predict the resonant frequency. A wide tunable frequency range from 1.76 to 2.45 GHz with a relative bandwidth of 33% is achieved. A prototype of AFSS is fabricated and tested. The measurement result is consistent with the simulation. The design has low power consumption and is potentially used for selectively shielding or reusing of GSM, TD-SCDMA, or Wi-Fi spectrums.