This paper presents an optimal design of linear phase digital high pass finite impulse response (FIR) filter using Novel Particle Swarm Optimization (NPSO). NPSO is an improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) that proposes a new definition for the velocity vector and swarm updating and hence the solution quality is improved. The inertia weight has been modified in the PSO to enhance its search capability that leads to a higher probability of obtaining the global optimal solution. The key feature of the applied modified inertia weight mechanism is to monitor the weights of particles, which linearly decrease in general applications. In the design process, the filter length, pass band and stop band frequencies, feasible pass band and stop band ripple sizes are specified. FIR filter design is a multi-modal optimization problem. Evolutionary algorithms like real code genetic algorithm (RGA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), differential evolution (DE), and the novel particle swarm optimization (NPSO) have been used in this work for the design of linear phase FIR high pass (HP) filter. A comparison of simulation results reveals the optimization efficacy of the algorithm over the prevailing optimization techniques for the solution of the multimodal, non-differentiable, highly non-linear, and constrained FIR filter design problems.