Detecting the forgery parts from a double compressed image is very important and urgent work for blind authentication. A very simple and efficient method for accomplishing the task is proposed. Firstly, the probabilistic model with periodic effects in double quantization is analyzed, and the probability of quantized DCT coefficients in each block is calculated over the entire image. Secondly, the posteriori probability of each block is computed according to Bayesian theory and the results mentioned in first part. Then the mean and variance of the posteriori probability are to be used for judging whether the target block is tampered. Finally, the mathematical morphology operations are performed to reduce the false alarm probability. Experimental results show that the method can exactly locate the doctored part, and through the experiment it is also found that for detecting the tampered regions, the higher the second compression quality is, the more exact the detection efficiency is.