This paper presents circuit techniques to improve the efficiency of high-current LED drivers. An error-averaged, senseFET-based current sensing technique is used to regulate the LED current accurately. Because the proposed scheme eliminates the series current-regulation element present in all conventional LED drivers, it greatly improves efficiency and reduces cost. The converter operates in three different operating modes, namely buck, buck-boost, and boost modes, and achieves high efficiency over the entire Li-Ion battery range (3-5.5 V). Fabricated in 0.5-μm CMOS process, the prototype occupies an active area of 5 mm2. At 1.2-A LED current, the driver achieves an efficiency improvement of over 13% compared to current-regulation-element-based LED drivers. Measured LED current accuracy is better than 2.8% over the entire range of the battery and its standard deviation measured across seven devices is less than 1.6%. The peak efficiencies are 90.7% and 86% at 600-and 1200-mA currents, respectively.