Thin, single-crystal films of Ni, Fe, Ni-Fe and Ni-Co have been grown by vacuum deposition onto heated rock salt. The cubic crystalline anisotropy constant, K1, of these films has been measured at room temperature by a torque method. In the case of the Ni-Fe alloys, K1 was found to be the same for thin films as for bulk materials of the same composition. The measured anisotropy in the Ni-Co films differs quantitatively but has the same qualitative variation with composition as is reported for bulk crystals. The results of one magnetic annealing experiment on a 75% Ni - 25% Fe film lends support to the short-range ordering model of uniaxial anisotropy in alloys. Pure nickel films exhibit a pronounced uniaxial anisotropy superimposed on the crystalline anisotropy. This uniaxial term disappears after the film is removed from the substrate, indicating that its origin is in an anisotropic stress in the deposited film.
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