Thin films of barium-strontium titanate (Ba,Sr)TiO3 (BSTO) have been investigated for use as a capacitor dielectric for future generations of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM). This paper describes progress made in the preparation of BSTO films by liquid-source metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (LS-MOCVD) and the issues related to integrating films of BSTO into a DRAM capacitor. Films of BSTO deposited on planar Pt electrodes meet the electrical requirements needed for future DRAM. The specific capacitance and charge loss are found to be strongly dependent on the details of the BSTO deposition, the choice of the lower electrode structure, the microstructure of the BSTO, the post-electrode thermal treatments, BSTO dopants, and thin-film stress. Films of BSTO deposited on patterned Pt electrodes with a feature size of 0.2 µm are found to have degraded properties compared to films on large planar structures, but functional bits have been achieved on a DRAM test site at 0.20-µm ground rules. Mechanisms influencing specific capacitance and charge loss of BSTO films are described, as are therequirements for the electrode and barrier materials used in stacked-capacitor structures, with emphasis given to the properties of the Pt/TaSi(N) electrode/barrier system. Major problems requiring additional investigation are outlined.
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