The design, development, testing, and integration methodology for antennas integrated into laptop computers is described. Two key parameters are proposed and discussed for laptop antenna design and evaluation: standing wave ratio (SWR) and average antenna gain. A novel averaging technique was developed and applied to these to yield a measurable, repeatable, and generalized metric. A prototype antenna was built using this methodology, and measurements indicate that the resulting design attains both performance and cost targets. A PC-card-version wireless system is also discussed and compared with the integrated one. The impact of the antenna on the overall wireless system is studied through a link budget model.
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