In recent years, track densities of magnetic hard disks have continued to grow. A promising approach to continuing the trend to ultrahigh density is using bit-patterned media (BPM). However, the implementation of BPM in hard disk drives (HDDs) to achieve high recording density is challenging and requires various new techniques, such as new servo pattern designs and position error signal (PES) decoding schemes. In applying BPM in HDDs, it is important to select a servo pattern providing sufficient PES quality for head positioning. In this paper, we discuss evaluation of PES quality and servo pattern performance from a closed-loop (servo) point of view in order to evaluate the quality of several servo patterns. We consider three servo patterns (the amplitude pattern, chevron pattern, and differential frequency pattern) as case studies. We developed a PES simulation tool to provide a realistic HDD track-following simulation. Because of PES nonlinearity in the amplitude servo pattern, we considered time-based servo patterns as alternatives. For time-based servo patterns, we found that readback signal sampling and transition jitter greatly affect PES quality. Therefore, we conclude that the differential frequency servo pattern is superior to other patterns, since it is less sensitive to transition jitter and readback signal sampling.