Anti-islanding protection is an important technical requirement when interconnecting distributed generators. Unfortunately, most anti-islanding protection schemes cannot detect islanding situations under certain system operating conditions - there are nondetection zones within which anti-islanding protection schemes are ineffective. This paper investigates these nondetection zones associated with the common anti-islanding protection schemes of synchronous distributed generators: frequency and voltage-based relays. Moreover, the characteristics of the nondetection zones and the key factors that influence them are analyzed. The results are useful for utility companies and distributed generators owners to design and to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-islanding protection schemes proposed for various distributed generation interconnection projects.