A balanced two-step current transport theory, i.e., thermionic emission followed by Shockley diffusion, is applied to study the emitter-base (EB) potential spike energy in the AlGaAs/GaAs single-heterojunction bipolar transistor. It is found, surprisingly, that when the transistor is operated in the active region the characteristics of the collector current (IC) versus base-emitter applied voltage (VBE) exhibits an ideality factor of 1.237. This non-1kT transfer characteristics is due to the bias-dependent potential spike energy at the emitter-base heterojunction. The reverse I-V characteristics of emitter current (IE) versus base-collector bias (VBC), however, shows the traditional 1kT behavior. The difference between ICand IEat the same applied voltage ( ) determines the potential spike energy (ΔE). It turns out that Δ E/q = 0.19 where is the unit charge. This indicates that the potential spike appears only when the applied voltage V.