The role of cavity conditions in the dynamics of two-section gain-coupled distributed feedback (DFB) lasers is investigated using a self-consistent model. Self-sustained pulsation (SSP) exists only for devices with strongly coupled DFB gratings. As the coupling strength increases, multiple SSP regimes are developed. The SSP frequency tuning range increases as cavity length decreases. The frequency and modulation index predicted by the model agree well with experimental results. The facet condition of each section is found to affect SSP differently because of the asymmetrical behavior of the modes responsible for SSP.