The effects of stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and of infrared (IR) absorption on the scattering at defects leading to atomic migration in solids is evaluated in detail for certain systems. , where is the activation energy, uicis the many-body critical displacement in a migration event, and is the equal-time correlation function including anharmonic terms. Using the equal-time correlation for the defect lattice in the harmonic approximation, we get where Teffincludes both neand nsthe externally and thermally excited phonon numbers, respectively. The phonon rate density required for an observable effect of SRS or IR absorption on diffusion in solids is phonons/s.cm2, where is a critical number of high wave-vector laser-stimulated phonons, cs, is the sound velocity, and V, the volume per atom. In KCI at 110 K, theory shows that can produce a factor of 10 effect on the reorientation of Na:FAcenters. Anharmonic effects on were calculated and numerical estimates indicate that they would be experimentally observable for large ne. It is found that some of the effects reported here probably contribute, in part, to the permanent damage tracks caused by high-power laser beams in solids and provide an internal source for the initiation of microcracks. In addition, the direction of the stimulated phonon wave vector is shown to produce a directional effect in the control of atomic migration.