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    Software models for Smart Grid

    Singhal, A. ; Saxena, R.P.
    Software Engineering for the Smart Grid (SE4SG), 2012 International Workshop on

    DOI: 10.1109/SE4SG.2012.6225717
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 42 - 45
    Cited by:  Papers (6)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Smart grid technology is progressing worldwide. Various Countries are investing to transform their traditional power grid to Smart grid. They have started realigning their organization to support a Smart grid vision. At this initial stage some software models are required to quantifiably evaluate, monitor the progress and plan for the realization of a smart grid. At present some models like Smart Grid Interoperability Maturity Model, Smart Grid Investment Model, Smart Grid Maturity Model and Smart Grid Conceptual Model are available. Smart Grid Interoperability Maturity Model is used to measure the current status of automation in the areas like transmission, distribution and demand side resources. The Smart Grid Investment Model is used in calculating different smart grid investments, along with their strategies. Smart Grid Maturity model is used in planning of utilities in smart grid transformation; prioritize the tasks and measuring their progress at every stage. Smart Grid Conceptual Model is used to analyze different standards and interoperations of smart grid development. A new proposed Smart Grid Monitoring Model will help in understanding smart grid deployment and capability within electric utility companies. View full abstract»

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    Accelerated deployment of Smart Grid technologies in India - Present scenario, challenges and way forward

    Datta, A. ; Mohanty, P. ; Gujar, M.
    Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference (ISGT), 2014 IEEE PES

    DOI: 10.1109/ISGT.2014.6816482
    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 1 - 5

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The idea behind `Smart Grid Vision for India' is to transform the Indian power sector into a secure, adaptive, sustainable, and digitally enabled ecosystem that provides reliable and quality energy for all with active participation of stakeholders. Realizing the growing importance of Smart Grid technologies in the Indian power sector, very recently Ministry of Power, Government of India on the recommendation of India Smart Grid Task Force (ISGTF) has shortlisted fourteen (14 Nos.) Smart Grid pilot projects that are planned to be executed in power distribution sector in India. As per the `Smart Grid Roadmap for India', these pilot projects are expected to help technology section guides, develop business cases, policy and regulatory recommendations for larger projects in the next phase, while showcasing the relevance of Smart Grid on different aspects such as, Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Outage Management System (OMS), Peak Load Management System (PLMS), Renewable Energy (RE) Integration etc. The average estimated cost of each pilot project would be US$ 10 million (approx.) out of which 50% is grant will be provided by Government of India through (budgeted INR 2 Lakh Crores for Smart Grid projects across India under 13th Five-Year Plan) Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Program (R-APDRP) and rest to be borne either fully by the utility or, shared between the utility and the technology providers, and targeted to be completed by the end of 2014. The main objective of this technical paper is to underline the present scenario of those selected Smart Grid pilots in India, including proposed state-of-the-art Technology Integration, Consumer Coverage (Base), and Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). This study will also capture the Carnegie Mellon's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) Smart Grid Maturity Model (SGMM), developed by the Global Intelligent Utility Network Coalition (GIUNC) as a management tool, towards the Smart Grid transform- tion to assess the performance (including, current status) of those utilities responsible for pilot demonstrations and provide necessary recommendations to use this framework for establishing future strategies and work plans as pertain to Smart Grid implementations in the country. The purpose of this research will further emphasize on the progress of applicable Smart Grid interoperability and standards relevant to the Indian context, development of indigenous low-cost smart solutions, gap analysis and appropriate changes conducive to the deployment of Smart Grid pilot projects, and discussion on National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM) in India. View full abstract»

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    Comparing Smart Grid technology standards roadmap of the IEC, NIST and SGCC

    Xin Miao ; Xi Chen ; Xiao-Ming Ma ; Ge Liu ; Hua Feng ; Xi Song
    Electricity Distribution (CICED), 2012 China International Conference on

    DOI: 10.1109/CICED.2012.6508435
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Strong and smart is the essential requirement of the development of modern power grid and the twenty-first Century energy development driving force. Smart grid bearing in response to changing in the environment, improving energy efficiency, reducing carbon emissions is an important mission. Smart grid has become the new development trend and new directions of the world power grid. The effective coordination of demands interest group of Smart Grid, promote the orderly development of smart grid. The main purpose is to realize Smart Grid interoperability and to guarantee open framework of Smart Grid. The IEC (International Electrical Commission), NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) and SGCC (STATE GRID Corporation of China) issued technology standards roadmap of Smart Grid. From technology view of Smart Grid, the IEC include 13 domains. From view of interest group of Smart Grid, according to the United States market conditions, the NIST covers 7 domains. The SGCC covers 8 domains, according to Chinese power industry conditions. The future five years and fifteen years of IEC, NIST and SGCC smart grid technology standard trend focuses are given, in the way of the mathematical model of probability distribution, according to the technology standard requirements of maturity of the Smart Grid related fields of technology, products and market. It is likelihood the middle and long-term development focuses of future Smart Grid technical standards that two-way interactive service of power consumption, distribution management, electric storage, renewable energy generation. It is suggested that the Smart Grid technology advantage into standard advantage, in the promotion of Smart Grid equipment R & D and manufacturing level and promote the overall construction of Smart Grid at the same time, to strengthen our country voice in the Smart Grid international standards, to seize commanding heights of technical innovation and industrial development. View full abstract»

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    BBN-based approach for assessment of Smart Grid and nuclear power plant interaction

    Brezhnev, E. ; Kharchenko, V.
    East-West Design & Test Symposium, 2013

    DOI: 10.1109/EWDTS.2013.6673216
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 1 - 7

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The Smart Grid is a movement to bring the electrical power grid up to date so it can meet the current and future requirement so fits customers. Nuclear power plant is a part of smart grid generation system. The problem of safe interaction between nuclear power plant and power grid considering the Fukushima nuclear accident is becoming topical. Despite of undoubted benefits of smart grid for industrial and private customers smart grid technologies bring new risks for NPP. Smart grid security and reliability become new important issues for safety evaluation. Smart grid substations which provide power supply for NPP play can significantly determine NPP safety. A new class of safety critical substation with a critical load should be considered. The smart grid and safety critical smart grid substation (CSGS) mutual influences are evaluated with Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) where nodes represent different CSGS and NPP, links are caused by different types of influences. View full abstract»

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    Smart grid initiative for power distribution utility in India

    Sinha, A. ; Neogi, S. ; Lahiri, R.N. ; Chowdhury, S. ; Chowdhury, S.P. ; Chakraborty, N.
    Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2011 IEEE

    DOI: 10.1109/PES.2011.6038943
    Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 1 - 8
    Cited by:  Papers (13)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    After enactment of Electricity Act 2003 in India, a comprehensive change is happening in Indian power sector, and power distribution utilities are going through a reformation process to cope up with the regulatory change for reduction in Aggregated Technical and Commercial Loss, improvement in Power Quality, Reliability of Power Supply, Improvement in Customer Satisfaction and rationalization of electricity tariff. Apart from restructuring and unbundling of the power sector there is a need for introduction of `smart grid' technology to increase the operational as well technological efficiency of the power distribution network to meet the growing energy demand of India in line with the GDP growth of the country. Smart Grid is sophisticated, digitally enhanced power systems where the use of modern communications and control technologies allows much greater robustness, efficiency and flexibility than today's power systems. A smart grid impacts all the components of a power system especially the distribution level. One subset of smart grids is smart metering / advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) etc. In a smart grid, all the various nodes need to interconnect to share data as and where needed. Smart Grid envisages providing choices to each and every customer for deciding the timing and amount of power consumption based upon the price of the power at a particular moment of time, apart from providing choices to the consumer and motivating them to participate in the operations of the grid, causing energy efficiency and accommodating all generation and storage options, Smart Grid also envisages various properties for the Grid like self-healing and adaptive The suite of Smart Grid products and technologies help maximizing system uptime, while also helping the utility more quickly to restore power to homes and businesses in the event of an outage. Government of India has recently formed “Smart Grid Forum” and “Smart Grid Task Force” for en- - ablement of smart grid technology into Indian Power Distribution Utilities as a part of their Smart Grid initiative to meet their growing energy demand in similar with the developed country like USA, Europe etc. View full abstract»

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    Viability of powerline communication for the smart grid

    Aalamifar, F. ; Hassanein, H.S. ; Takahara, G.
    Communications (QBSC), 2012 26th Biennial Symposium on

    DOI: 10.1109/QBSC.2012.6221343
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 19 - 23
    Cited by:  Papers (5)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    There is currently an ongoing debate surrounding what would be the best choice for smart grid communication technology. One of the promising communication technologies for smart grid realization is Powerline Communication (PLC). However, because of its noisy environment and the low capacity of Narrowband Powerline Communication, its viability for smart grid realization is being questioned. To investigate this issue, we studied smart grid communication network requirements. We categorize smart grid data traffic into two general traffic classes including home area network data traffic and distribution automation data traffic. Then using network simulator-2, we simulate powerline communication and a smart grid communication network. To have a better understanding of the viability of powerline communication for smart grid realization, some future smart grid advanced applications are considered. Latency and reliability are considered to be the main smart grid communication network requirements. In this paper, the delay of different traffic classes under different network infrastructures and traffic applications have been calculated. Furthermore, a viable powerline communication network infrastructure for smart grid communication network is proposed. View full abstract»

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    An innovative approach to smart automation testing at National Grid

    Knauss, J.-P.H. ; Warren, C. ; Kearns, D.
    Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition (T&D), 2012 IEEE PES

    DOI: 10.1109/TDC.2012.6281507
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 8
    Cited by:  Papers (1)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Upon completion of a successful Distribution Automation (DA) Pilot Project centered in National Grid's upstate New York service territory, it was determined that the reliability improvements delivered by the pilot demonstration justified a much more comprehensive effort to further evaluate additional Smart Grid technologies. The vision was to conduct experiments with a full suite of Smart Grid technologies including: AMI; Home Area Network and energy management systems; Automatic Fault Isolation & System Restoration; advanced feeder monitoring; distribution transformer monitoring; single pole tripping and Pulse Closing technology on distribution line reclosers; advanced capacitor control with independent pole operation; faulted circuit indicators with 2-way communication capability; and distribution fault locating capability. This vision came to be known as National Grid's Smart Grid Pilot proposal. Many challenges exist with such a comprehensive approach from public and personnel safety, to ensuring interoperability between devices and systems of different manufacture. In order to determine which technologies would provide the most benefit to National Grid's customer base, a means was needed to prequalify the various types of products available before large scale deployments were initiated. Looking at the large number of Smart Grid device suppliers, architectures and products available, we realized that the optimum solution would be to build a facility wherein a wide range of Smart Grid technologies could be installed and systematically put through their paces; i.e. actually tested in as near a real-world atmosphere as practical. Thus was born the National GridSmart Technology Centre” or STC. Soon thereafter, National Grid's Utility of the Future engineering team designed, engineered, and constructed a truly innovative test fixture that enabled system level testing on complex distribution networks to ensure process safety during field de- loyment. One of only a few known organizations in the U.S., National Grid has in-house capability to truly test and evaluate an end-to-end Smart distribution system architecture where systems such as automated fault isolation and system restoration can be evaluated. This paper will discuss interoperability testing that National Grid embarked upon to prepare for its proposed Smart Grid Pilot demonstration and will detail the lengths that were taken in creating a test site where medium voltage Smart Grid technologies could be fully evaluated to ensure that the various applications would play well with each other prior to actually being deployed in the field. Furthermore, this paper will focus on providing an overview of the system level testing and technical evaluation of distribution protection and control equipment with automated fault isolation and system restoration capabilities. It will also detail a number of lessons learned from this effort and discuss future plans for smart technology evaluation as a basis for an educational platform and workforce training tool. View full abstract»

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    An efficient privacy preserving scheme of high frequency reports for secure smart grid communications

    Zargar, S.H.M. ; Yaghmaee, M.H.
    Computer and Knowledge Engineering (ICCKE), 2013 3th International eConference on

    DOI: 10.1109/ICCKE.2013.6682824
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 368 - 373

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Smart grid is a new approach that significantly increases the efficiency of the entire electrical delivery system. The smart grid uses information technologies to improve how electricity travels from power plants to consumers, Allows consumers to interact with the grid and Integrates new and improved technologies into the operation of the grid. These techniques lead to some threats for the privacy of users. Since smart grid networks prepare detailed information and manage them to achieve a reliable network, such management might reveal users personal habits and behavior. The smart grid increases automation, continuity and coordination between consumers, suppliers and transmission network in long distance or local distribution networks. The development of a schema which is able to both satisfy requirements of the smart grid and guarantees the security of users has became a vast researchable area which is required a serious attention of the smart grid researchers and developers. The moving to a smart gird will depend to Meeting this challenge. We provide, via group signature, and efficient schema in order to preserve the users' privacy. In the proposed schema SGGS, the data with high frequency are collected through the smart meters which have less computational overload, higher speed and so much less communication overhead than the previous schemas. In the schema SGGS, the group signature is used to make pseudonym and temporary short signature. The data confidentiality will be guaranteed through the random confidential keys, also the requirements, limitations and properties of the smart grid will be considered. In this case while the schema SGGS in having a high level of security, the cryptography overhead which is used to send the confidential data is much less than the previous schemas. Also we propose one batch verification schemes which double the efficiency of our schema. View full abstract»

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    Study on technology system of self-healing control in smart distribution grid

    Jia DongLi ; Meng Xiaoli ; Song Xiaohui
    Advanced Power System Automation and Protection (APAP), 2011 International Conference on

    Volume: 1
    DOI: 10.1109/APAP.2011.6180379
    Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 26 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (6)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Smart distribution grid is an important part of smart grid, which connects the main network and user-oriented supply. As an “immune system”, self-healing is the most important feature of smart grid. Major problem of self-healing control is the `uninterrupted power supply problem', that is, real-time monitoring of network operation, predicting the state power grid, timely detection, rapid diagnosis and elimination of hidden faults, without human intervention or only a few cases. First, the paper describes major problems, which are solved by self-healing control in smart distribution grid, and their functions. Then, it analysis the structure and technology components of self-healing control in smart distribution grid, including the base layer, support layer and application layer. The base layer is composed of the power grid and its equipments, which is the base for smart grid and self-healing control. The support layer is composed of the data and communication. High-speed, bi-directional, real-time and integrated communications system is the basis of achieving power transmission and the use of high efficiency, reliability and security, and the basis for intelligent distribution network and the key steps of self-prevention and self-recovery in distribution grid. The application layer is composed of Monitoring, assessment, pre-warning/analysis, decision making, control and restoration. Six modules are interconnected and mutual restraint. The application layer is important means of self-prevention and self-recovery in distribution grid. Through the research and analysis on the relationship and the technical composition of six modules in the application layer, the paper divides running states of smart grid distribution grid having self-healing capabilities into five states, which are normal state, warning state, critical state, emergency state and recovery state, and defines the characteristics and the relationship of each state. Through investigating an- applying self-healing control in smart distribution grid, smart distribution grid can timely detect the happening or imminent failure and implement appropriate corrective action, so that it does not affect the normal supply or minimize their effects. Power supply reliability is improved observably and outage time is reduced significantly. Especially in extreme weather conditions, the distribution grid will give full play to its self-prevention and self-recovery capability, give priority to protecting people's life and provide electricity for the people furthest. View full abstract»

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    Strategy and coordinated development of strong and smart grid

    Xiaoling Jin ; Yibin Zhang ; Xue Wang
    Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT Asia), 2012 IEEE

    DOI: 10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2012.6303208
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 4

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Based on the condition of power grid, the choice of strong and smart grid in China is analyzed. The concept and objective of strong and smart grid are proposed. Smart Grid is a long-term and comprehensive systemic project, its coordinated development issues has been analyzed from four main sides, in order to ensure the efficient, orderly and coordinated development, and to realize the comprehensive benefit of smart grid. First is coordination of physical power grid and smart technology application. The influence of smart grid on physical power grid development is analyzed from power grid efficiency and load performance, etc. The appropriate principle of smart technology application is analyzed based on the topological structure and operation demand. Second is coordinated development among generation, transmission, distribution, consumption and dispatching system. The corresponding and coordinated development issues between grid and power plant, transmission network and distribution network, customer and power grid, dispatching with other segments, communication and information with other segments are investigated. Third is coordination of technology upgrading and management revolution. Concerning grid planning, construction, operation, maintenance, and electricity marketing, the optimization suggestion of management pattern are proposed, to get technology and management promote mutually. Last is coordination of smart grid and emerging industry. View full abstract»

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    Smart grid management & visualization: Smart Power Management System

    Tang, G.Q.
    Emerging Technologies for a Smarter World (CEWIT), 2011 8th International Conference & Expo on

    DOI: 10.1109/CEWIT.2011.6135870
    Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 1 - 6
    Cited by:  Papers (5)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    This paper presents an innovation Smart Power Management System on Smart Grid. This report consists of 5 major sections: smart power system modeling; real time power system monitoring; system engineering database collection and management; grid condition checking and maintenance; smart grid power system fault analysis. Smart Power Management System enables grid management and visualization to be very effective as it incorporates real time monitoring data and historic engineering data into an integrated system, analyzing scenarios based on various modules and making it possible to collect, monitor and control real time data with accuracy. Smart Power Management System modeling is based on a variety of factors according to regulation policies, grid management requirements and operation rules. Various scenario modules of Smart Power Management System can be developed and modified based on the client's specifications for its grid conditions and operation needs. Neural Networks adds an interesting flavor of intelligent modeling to this integrated system, which provides the most appropriate solution to solve important issues in power system engineering, system design, grid operation, maintenance and management. Intelligent functions of Smart Power Management System can also be modified via wireless channels to cell phones or other mobile devices for maintenance staff. Real time signals of abnormal system indications can be sent out to field maintenance and grid operation as required. Needleless to say, Smart Power Management System makes it possible that all desired functions can be integrated so as to support complete automation control for un-manned power system substations in the future, to monitor real time system information, to update real time system data, to identify grid weakness points, to help field maintenance keep power system facilities in a good working condition, to conduct power systems fault analysis and operator training, to effectively support field - aintenance, system troubleshooting and repair and to provide emergency contingencies to power system maintenance, operations, control centers for smart grid management and visualization. View full abstract»

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    Metrics and benefits analysis and challenges for Smart Grid field projects

    Bossart, S.J. ; Bean, J.E.
    Energytech, 2011 IEEE

    DOI: 10.1109/EnergyTech.2011.5948539
    Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 1 - 5
    Cited by:  Papers (3)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    This paper describes approaches to determine metrics, costs, and benefits from Smart Grid field projects including the 140 Smart Grid Investment Grants and Smart Grid Demonstration Projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The paper describes DOE's metrics and benefits framework that links Smart Grid technologies with their applications and the benefits that result from those applications. Benefits are derived by comparison of grid performance before and after installation and operation of Smart Grid components. These benefits are accrued to utilities/ratepayers, consumers, and society. There are significant challenges in attempting to collect field information and convert the information to metrics, costs, and benefits. For example, determining the monetary value of performance benefits such as reduced environmental emissions, reduced outages, and reduced peak load requires assumptions based on experience and must be rooted in solid technical and financial bases. View full abstract»

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    Data-Centric Access Control with Confidentiality for Collaborating Smart Grid Services Based on Publish/Subscribe Paradigm

    Yang Zhang ; Jun-liang Chen
    Distributed Computing Systems Workshops (ICDCSW), 2013 IEEE 33rd International Conference on

    DOI: 10.1109/ICDCSW.2013.36
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 45 - 50

    IEEE Conference Publications

    With the smart grid coming near, its information systems become more and more open with services as building blocks. Different smart grid services in different control centers collaborate to realize the real-time control and protection of power systems. The publish/subscribe paradigm makes smart grid service collaborations more real-time and flexible because of the space, time and control decoupling of event producer and consumer, which can be used to establish an appropriate communication infrastructure. Unfortunately, a publish/ subscribe-based smart grid service does not know who consumes its events, and consumers do not know who produces the events either. In this environment, the smart grid service cannot directly control access because of anonymous and indirect service interactions. To address the above issues, this paper at first describes the service communication foundation for smart grid services, and then defines their security model supporting data-centric methodology. Based on such model, underpinning network capabilities can be integrated to help smart grid services control access. The key point in our access control solution is to preserve the service interaction characteristics of the publish/subscribe-based smart grid services: anonymous, multicast and session-control. So two special kinds of event types are used to accomplish authorization request and granting with being consistent with the publish/subscribe paradigm. Attaching policy method is adopted to preserve the anonymity feature for collaborating smart grid services. A delegation scheme for brokers to enforce policies is finally constructed based on attribute-based encryption, which also brings confidentiality for smart grid services. View full abstract»

  • Freely Available from IEEE

    IEEE Transactions Smart Grid [advertisement]

    Sustainable Energy, IEEE Transactions on

    Volume: 4 , Issue: 2
    DOI: 10.1109/TSTE.2013.2252959
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 544

    IEEE Journals & Magazines

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    Priority-Based Traffic Scheduling and Utility Optimization for Cognitive Radio Communication Infrastructure-Based Smart Grid

    Jingfang Huang ; Honggang Wang ; Yi Qian ; Chonggang Wang
    Smart Grid, IEEE Transactions on

    Volume: 4 , Issue: 1
    DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2012.2227282
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 78 - 86
    Cited by:  Papers (4)

    IEEE Journals & Magazines

    Smart grid can be visualized as an intelligent control system over sensors and communication platforms. Recently, wireless multimedia sensor networks (WMSNs) have shown its advantages for smart grid by providing rich surveillance information for grid failure detection and recovery, energy source monitoring, asset management, security, etc. On the other hand, cognitive radio (CR) networks have been identified as a key wireless technology to reduce the communication interferences and improve the bandwidth efficiency for smart grid communication. There is an essential need to use the CR communication platform to support large-size and time-sensitive multimedia delivery for future smart grid system. In this paper, we consider the heterogeneous characteristics of smart grid traffic including multimedia and propose a priority-based traffic scheduling approach for CR communication infrastructure based smart grid system according to the various traffic types of smart grid such as control commands, multimedia sensing data and meter readings. Specifically, we develop CR channel allocation and traffic scheduling schemes taking into consideration of channel switch and spectrum sensing errors, and solve a system utility optimization problem for smart grid communication system. Our solutions are demonstrated through both analyzes and simulations. This research opens a new vista of future smart grid communications. View full abstract»

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    An introduction and user's guide to the IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal

    Louie, Henry ; Burns, M. ; Lima, C.
    Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe (ISGT Europe), 2010 IEEE PES

    DOI: 10.1109/ISGTEUROPE.2010.5638927
    Publication Year: 2010 , Page(s): 1 - 5
    Cited by:  Papers (1)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal is an online resource that to date has been accessed by over 50 000 Smart Grid professionals, academics and other interested individuals from around the world. Launched in January of 2010, the IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal is a resource that converges and organizes all Smart Grid-related IEEE events, activities, news and assets into one place-accessible to anyone, anywhere in the world. Users can use the portal to view all upcoming conferences, browse publications and standards, access educational material and view various other IEEE-related content. The portal makes use of an illustrative conceptual model to show how the technical domains in the Smart Grid are interrelated. A novel application of this model provides an interactive gateway feature that allows users to navigate Smart Grid content based upon technical area of interest and filter it based upon date of creation. This paper describes the IEEE Smart Grid Web Portal for the purpose of orienting new users to the portal and details how individuals in the Smart Grid community-in particular those outside North America - can contribute to on-going relevance of this useful resource. View full abstract»

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    Smart Grid Multi-Attribute Network Process Comprehensive Evaluation Method and Its Application

    Qiang Sun ; Xubo Ge ; Lin Liu ; Xin Xu ; Yuan Zeng ; Yibin Zhang
    Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), 2012 Asia-Pacific

    DOI: 10.1109/APPEEC.2012.6307233
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 5

    IEEE Conference Publications

    A deep study is given to smart grid comprehensive evaluation system. According to the smart grid characteristics and basic properties in China, a smart gird index system is built from the aspects of strongness, reliability, efficiency, economics, environment and interaction. Based on the calculation of Entropy-ANP combined weighting and improvement on two evaluation methods, a new method of comprehensive evaluation of the smart grid and its computational model are proposed. The principle, theory and procedure of this method are comprehensively studied. The overall computation and analysis system including index selection, weight calculation, model construction and evaluation results analysis are established. Applying the method to the case, it shows that the method could offer the valuable reference for adjusting the smart grid plan, making the smart grid roadmap, judging the implementation effect of smart grid construction. View full abstract»

  • Open Access

    Energy-Efficient Information and Communication Infrastructures in the Smart Grid: A Survey on Interactions and Open Issues

    Erol Kantarci, M. ; Mouftah, H.T.
    Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE

    Volume: PP , Issue: 99
    DOI: 10.1109/COMST.2014.2341600
    Publication Year: 2014 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Early Access Articles

    Smart grid has modernized the way electricity is generated, transported, distributed and consumed, by integrating advanced sensing, communications and control in the day-to-day operation of the grid. Electricity is a core utility for the functioning of the society and for the services provided by Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). Several concepts of the smart grid, such as dynamic pricing, distributed generation, demand management have significantly impacted the operation of ICT services, in particular communication networks and data centers. Ongoing energy-efficiency and Operational Expenditures (OPEX) reduction efforts in communication networks and data centers have gained another dimension with those smart grid concepts. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey on the smart grid-driven approaches in energy-efficient communications and data centers and the interaction between smart grid and information and communication infrastructures. Although the studies on smart grid, energy-efficient communications and green data centers have been surveyed separately in previous studies, to this end, research that falls in the intersection of those fields has not been properly classified and surveyed yet. We start our survey by providing background information on the smart grid and continue with surveying smart grid-driven approaches in energy-efficient communication systems, followed by energy, cost and emission minimizing approaches in data centers and the corresponding cloud network infrastructure. We discuss the open issues in smart grid-driven approaches in ICTs and point some important research directions such as the distributed renewable energy generation capability-coupled communication infrastructures, optimum energy-efficient network design for the smart grid environment, the impact of green communication techniques on the reliability and latency requirements of smart grid data, workload consolidation with smart grid-awareness and many more. View full abstract»

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    Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City, smart grid, smart city

    Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2012 IEEE PES

    DOI: 10.1109/ISGT.2012.6175618
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Summary form only given. The construction theme of “environmental protection, energy conservation, green building” of Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City is consistent with the idea of strong smart grid, which determines Sino-Singapore Tianjin eco-city smart grid integrated demonstration project is the second smart grid demonstration projects of State Grid. Sino-Singapore Tianjin eco-city smart grid integrated demonstration project follows the eco-city "practical, replicable and scalable "planning ideas, from the power flow, information flow, business flow, in accordance with the "6 areas, 12 projects," designed eight information systems, built a safe, reliable, high quality, clean, efficient , interactive and sustainable energy supply and service system. This paper introduces the construction background, objectives, ideas, principles, general framework and sub-item of the project. Then the characteristics of the project are summarized. Micro grid control system, visualization platform, user energy management, distribution integration, software and hardware integration are achieved innovation and breakthroughs. And the construction and operation technical standards of smart grid are established, which can be referenced for the construction of smart grid on regional city. To sum up, Sino-Singapore Tianjin eco-city smart grid integrated demonstration project is a demonstration pilot project, which is strict accordance with the principle "unified planning, unified standards and building". The project is also "practical, replicable and scalable". And it can be said "the smart grid provides energy supplying platform for the smart city". View full abstract»

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    A delay mitigation scheme for WSN-based smart grid substation monitoring

    Al-Anbagi, I. ; Erol-Kantarci, M. ; Mouftah, H.T.
    Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 2013 9th International

    DOI: 10.1109/IWCMC.2013.6583773
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 1470 - 1475
    Cited by:  Papers (2)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The Quality of Service (QoS) in smart grid communications especially in monitoring smart grid assets is becoming significantly important for emerging smart grid applications. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are expected to be widely utilized in a broad range of smart grid applications due to their numerous advantages along with their successful adoption in various critical areas including military and health. WSNs protocols are not designed to provide QoS provisioning for monitoring applications. Thus, the use of WSNs in transmitting delay-critical data from smart grid assets calls for data prioritization and delay-mitigation schemes. In this paper, we propose a delay-responsive, cross layer scheme with linear backoff (LDRX) mechanism to address delay and service requirements of the smart grid monitoring applications. The LDRX scheme is designed to operate in cluster-tree WSN topology that is suitable for monitoring wide areas such as electrical substations or large installations. We show that LDRX has greater impact on delay reduction compared to previously proposed WSNs delay reduction schemes. View full abstract»

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    Standards-compliant event-driven SOA for semantic-enabled smart grid automation: Evaluating IEC 61850 and DPWS integration

    Sucic, S. ; Bony, B. ; Guise, L.
    Industrial Technology (ICIT), 2012 IEEE International Conference on

    DOI: 10.1109/ICIT.2012.6209971
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 403 - 408
    Cited by:  Papers (1)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Smart Grid is designated by variety of stakeholders and thus is having interoperability as a crucial prerequisite for successful Smart Grid solutions deployment. The international standard IEC 61850 defines future-proof automation architecture for power systems and represents the most prominent standards-compliant approach which enables optimized Smart Grid control at field level. However, some IEC 61850 components are inadequate to compete with accelerated Smart Grid development. This is most notable in the domain of controlling Distributed Energy Resources (DERs). Middleware technologies which are part of the current IEC 61850 definitions are not suitable for streamlined and large scale integration of DERs. Novel DERs control models such as Virtual Power Plants (VPPs) require scalable and flexible automation framework capable of managing dynamic and reconfigurable VPPs. This issue can be solved by introducing state-of-the-art middleware technologies based on device-level Web services. This article provides an analysis of applying new middleware mapping for IEC 61850 based on Devices Profile for Web Services (DPWS). DPWS inherently supports event-driven and service-oriented architectural principles which are foreseen as integral elements of the next-generation Smart Grid automation frameworks. The cooperation of DPWS and IEC 61850 provides value-added features for semantic-enabled and standards-compliant Smart Grid automation. View full abstract»

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    Multi-objective planning of smart grid based on maturity evaluation

    Sun Qian ; Liu Hao ; Cheng Xiaoxiao
    Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - Asia (ISGT Asia), 2012 IEEE

    DOI: 10.1109/ISGT-Asia.2012.6303345
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 6

    IEEE Conference Publications

    By analyzing the characteristic of each link and each stage in smart gird, smart grid maturity model has been established. This model involves 8 dimensions, 5 hierarchies and 50 assessments, is accompanied by the whole innovation process of smart grid and cover each link: generation, transmission, substation, distribution, consumption, dispatch and communication information. Based on this model, one method of multi-objective planning of smart grid has been proposed. Through assessing each dimension's maturity by gray target decision model, the distinction between each dimension and multi-objective of smart grid has been ascertained, thus the planning content of smart grid can be defined with pertinence. Practical application effects in two cities indicates this method can thoroughly describe the planning elements of smart grid, help to develop construction definitely, embody feasibility, practicability and economy, and has good application value. View full abstract»

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    Smart grid communications in challenging environments

    Jingfang Huang ; Honggang Wang ; Yi Qian
    Smart Grid Communications (SmartGridComm), 2012 IEEE Third International Conference on

    DOI: 10.1109/SmartGridComm.2012.6486043
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 552 - 557

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Smart grid is an emerging solution to the aging power grid with increasing electricity power demand. Smart grid takes advantages of two-way communications and the technologies in sensing, computing, and control. While smart grid has drawn the attention of research communities, power companies, as well as power consumers, it is confronted with great challenging for the deployment at the same time, e.g., in mobile environment, geographical environment and harsh climatic environment. In this paper, we discuss the issues related to the challenging smart grid deployment environments and existing solutions for such environments. We also propose to deploy cognitive radios for smart grid communication infrastructures in challenging environments. Specifically we propose a hybrid smart grid communication framework based on cognitive radio networks. We analyze the performance of proposed communication scheme and prove the efficiency of adapting cognitive radio networks to smart grid communication infrastructures. View full abstract»

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    On Network Performance Evaluation toward the Smart Grid: A Case Study of DNP3 over TCP/IP

    Xiang Lu ; Zhuo Lu ; Wenye Wang ; Jianfeng Ma
    Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 2011), 2011 IEEE

    DOI: 10.1109/GLOCOM.2011.6134406
    Publication Year: 2011 , Page(s): 1 - 6
    Cited by:  Papers (8)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The smart grid is the next-generation power system that incorporates power infrastructures with information technologies. In the smart grid, power devices are interconnected to support a variety of intelligent mechanisms, such as relay protection and demand response. To enable such mechanisms, messages must be delivered in a timely manner via network protocols. A cost-efficient and backward-compatible way for smart grid protocol design is to migrate current protocols in supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems to the smart grid. However, an open question is whether the performance of SCADA protocols can meet the timing requirements of smart grid applications. To address this issue, we establish a micro smart grid, Green Hub, to measure the delay performance of a predominant SCADA protocol, distributed network protocol 3.0 (DNP3) over TCP/IP. Our results show that although DNP3 over TCP/IP is widely considered as a smart grid communication protocol, it cannot be used in applications with delay constraints smaller than 16ms in Green Hub, such as relay protection. In addition, since DNP3 provides reliability mechanisms similar to TCP, we identify that such an overlapped design induces 50%-80% of the processing delay in embedded power devices. Our results indicate that DNP3 over TCP/IP can be further optimized in terms of delay efficiency, and a lightweight communication protocol is essential for time-critical smart grid applications. View full abstract»

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    Cloud computing framework for smart grid applications

    Bitzer, B. ; Gebretsadik, E.S.
    Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), 2013 48th International Universities'

    DOI: 10.1109/UPEC.2013.6714855
    Publication Year: 2013 , Page(s): 1 - 5

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The future power grid expected to accommodate and integrates all new kinds of distributed renewable energy generations, intelligent energy management systems to accommodate the ever growing energy demand. This fact leads the trend of power grid to shift to the Smart Grid that uses advanced communication, smart meters, sensors and information technologies to create an automated, intelligent and widely distributed energy delivery network. A huge amount of row data is collected by smart meters and sensors from the end user and different part of the network to the computation system. Subsequently, this considerably big amount of data must be processed, analyzed and stored in a cost effective ways. In this manner, an enormous pool of computing resources and storage must be provided to compute this vast amount of data. Researchers have been suggesting different solutions. A distributed and parallel computing techniques for future power system, Grid computing [1], fast parallel processing of the mass data in cloud computing [2], and smart grid control software in cloud computing architecture [3]. This paper discussed the feasibility study of the handling of monitoring of renewable energy in smart grid on cloud computing framework retaining smart grid security, analysis of the availability of Energy management software tools in smart grid using cloud computing, design of a demonstrator and realization of demonstration for further education purpose to utilize the advantage of cloud computing distributed and scalable nature. View full abstract»

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