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    Development of the first Soviet three-coordinate L-band pulsed radar in Kharkov before WWII

    Kostenko, A.A. ; Nosich, A.I. ; Tishchenko, Irina A.
    Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE

    Volume: 43 , Issue: 3
    DOI: 10.1109/74.934901
    Publication Year: 2001 , Page(s): 29 - 48
    Cited by:  Papers (3)

    IEEE Journals & Magazines

    The subject of this paper is the complicated, sometimes dramatic, and never-published events around the development of the L-band magnetrons and pulsed radar in Kharkov, Ukraine (then the USSR), in the 1920-30s. Magnetron studies were started at Kharkov State University by Prof. Abram Slutskin. By the end of the decade, they reached the world's highest level in terms of achieved output power and frequency. This work was continued and greatly extended in next decade, when the Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology was established, and Slutskin obtained his second job there as a head of the Laboratory of Electromagnetic Oscillations. Based on the successful development of sources, in 1935, he started work on developing a three-coordinate radar. At that time, it was far from clear that the L band and the pulsed method would be more promising. Two-antenna and single-antenna radars were designed, fabricated, and tested, with all-metal and wire-grid three-meter parabolic reflectors. The war disrupted the plans of the radar team, which had to move the laboratory to central Asia. The radar that was developed was not put into serial production; however, many associated ideas and innovations were well ahead of the contemporary level of technology. The paper also throws some light on how hard it was for scientists and engineers to work in the Orwellian environment of the pre-war USSR View full abstract»

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    Radar prehistory, Soviet side: three-coordinate L-band pulse radar developed in Ukraine in the late 30's

    Kostenko, A.A. ; Nosich, A.I. ; Tishchenko, I.A.
    Antennas and Propagation Society International Symposium, 2001. IEEE

    Volume: 4
    DOI: 10.1109/APS.2001.959396
    Publication Year: 2001 , Page(s): 44 - 47 vol.4

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The prehistory of radar in the UK and USA is well documented, and even less known radar developments in Japan and New Zealand are known. However, early radar works in the USSR have been scarcely published, and only in Russian. Now. more than 60 years later, they can be considered as pioneering in certain aspects. Here we review the history of designing a pulse radar of the L band in the Ukrainian Institute of Physics and Technology (UIPT) in Kharkov. This work was a unique one in terms of ideas, scope, complexity of tasks, and time of completion. The basic concepts of radar design and many technical innovations were well ahead of the general trends in microwave engineering. However, at first because of political purges that smashed UIPT in the late 1930s, and then of the loss of Kharkov in the fourth month of the war, this radar had never resulted in serial production. All the official archives on this radar were lost in the war. For this reason, our study used mainly private archives of the former staff, especially of the late Alexander Usikov (1904-1995), and interview of Semion Braude (born 1911), who is the only living member of the radar team. View full abstract»

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