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  • Freely Available from IEEE

    About IEEE ITMC 2012


    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306367
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

  • Freely Available from IEEE

    Greetings from the general chair, ITMC 2012


    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306368
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

    Efficiency of hidden knowledge spillovers between firms and universities in Japan: An empirical analysis based on patent data

    Suzuki, K. ; Sakata, J. ; Hosoya, J. ; Nakanishi, H.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306408
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 197 - 201

    IEEE Conference Publications

    This paper investigates the effect of knowledge spillovers from academia to industry by focusing on patents transferred from universities to enterprises. In many studies, joint patent applications are utilized to measure the economic effects of academia-industry alliance, since such patents are considered to be one of the most significant research outputs. However, in reality, most important scientific or technological results of joint research are considered to be transferred from universities to companies for a fee before related patent applications are filed. On the basis of quantitative analysis of patent data in Japan, it is shown that, at least for enterprises, knowledge flows of transferred patents play a more significant role than those concerning joint applications. Since both the patent allowance rate and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) application rate of transferred patents are larger than those of joint applications, it is suggested that, on average, higher marks are given for transferred patents both by examiners and enterprises. In addition, we discuss how the detailed differences in open innovation strategies of each company can be depicted by utilizing the shares of transferred patents. View full abstract»

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    Firm-level technological capability assessment; a literature review

    Alizadeh, Y.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306361
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 398 - 404

    IEEE Conference Publications

    That would be very hard to find a strategic planning model which is not taking capabilities of the firm into account at least in some degree. Results of this capability assessment, combining to inputs of market analysis, would form future strategies of the firm. Some of the theories like resource-based theories or dynamic capabilities theories have more emphasize on the firm's capabilities, while in other views such as Porter's 5-forces model, still capabilities are key parts of decision making and strategy planning process. But when it reaches to the assessment of the capabilities of a firm, barely a clear and comprehensive model could be found. This study aims to search around all the existing technological capabilities assessment (TCA) models, and find out each-one's pros and cons. View full abstract»

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    Successful project leadership “east” and “west”: Differences and reflections

    Jessen, S.-A.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306357
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 369 - 373

    IEEE Conference Publications

    The backdrop for this paper is an explorative study of how the project approach is received and used in a typical Western culture such as Norway, and a typical Eastern culture such as China. The main conclusion reached was that the project approach has a clear and positive impact in both cultures in both economic results for customers: customer satisfaction, customer involvement or business collaboration, financial rewards or internal reward systems, as well as economic- and social development in society. However, there were differences in the two cultures' respective views on how projects influenced public enterprises compared to private businesses, as well as the extent to which differences in the way projects were managed or led exerted an impact on some selected project success areas. The findings point to a need for being careful when using a general “best practice” notion for project managers and leaders, using the project approach in a particular culture. Instead, one should grasp the best from each individual culture and search for one's own cultural or even “individual, company related best practice.”, with some of these recommendations highlighted in this paper. View full abstract»

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    Maintaining lifelong, personal global-competitiveness

    Sobey, C.H.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306362
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 274 - 280

    IEEE Conference Publications

    In August 2011, approximately 2.8% of US engineers and scientists were unemployed for more than 15 weeks. The corresponding percentage across all occupations was slightly over 5%. At the same time, almost 90% of recent engineering and science graduates from some top US research universities had job or school plans in place before graduation. The majority of these new-grads enter the workforce without years of industry experience. This paper presents five attributes of these new-grads that make them more hirable than some of the experienced technology workers they may be competing with. However, these attributes can be modified and adopted by the experienced workers themselves. Five actions are proposed for experienced engineers and scientists to take to recapture and maintain the global competitiveness that top US engineering and science new-grads have enjoyed, even during the recent difficult employment market. View full abstract»

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    Use system engineering, not politics, for missile defense discussions

    Chasteen, L.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306385
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 73 - 77

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Technology now exists for a limited missile defense system that can protect a country against a few incoming missiles from other nations. This limited missile defense could also allow increased cooperation between the U.S., NATO, and Russia since all face similar threats. By working together to solve this problem, engineers and scientists could work together on even larger problems such as the spread of nuclear weapons. However, political issues and distrust have hindered cooperation on the limited missile defense system and other problems. This paper will provide background information on the current political issues facing missile defense. It will then discuss the system engineering approach that should be applied to major problems such as missile defense. It will then provide technical information on the proposed elements of the system planned for Europe and show how by sharing basic technical information the political standoff can be solved. Missile defense will continue to be a key technical and political issue facing the U.S. and the rest of the world as actors and requirements change. However, solid system engineering principles can help solve these problems. View full abstract»

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    A framework to identify the core-competency of a SME; Case of Lensbaby LLC

    Alizadeh, Y. ; Khormaei, R.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306358
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 84 - 92

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Businesses live and die in their ability to correctly invest in areas of competence that delivers value to their customers using the company's unique capabilities, core competencies. There are very scant numbers of practical methods available in literature for determining the core-competencies in small medium enterprise (SME) level. The standard reported practices in the national and regional levels usually use the financial outputs, R&D investments and patent outputs as the main factors to quantify the technological capability in a specific industry or technology. At the firm level, either a benchmarking with the superior companies or a survey from customers shows the core-competencies of the firm respective to the competitors. This study proposes an innovative approach to develop a quantitative method based on customer acceptance (measured through financial outcomes of the products) to define the firm's core-competencies. Method is an indigenous approach which doesn't directly ask from neither customers nor employess/management about the company's competencies. Instead based on rate of success among previous products launched to the market, and common characteristics of the successful products, core-competencies are defined. The proposed Framework uses the simple regression analysis and multivariable regression analysis to recognize the correlation between predictor variables and success variable. This framework has been performed in a small size engineering/manufacturing company and results have been provided. Advantages and limitation of the method will be discussed at the end. View full abstract»

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    Entrepreneurship as a field of study in engineering management

    Zhao Zhou ; Yuanyuan Zhao ; Katzy, B.R.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306410
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 308 - 317

    IEEE Conference Publications

    In the past decade entrepreneurship has become a fast growing field of study with contributions from several disciplines including psychology, sociology, strategic management, or economics. This paper reviews engineering literature and shows that by number of publications entrepreneurship is a relevant field of study for engineering (management), but it is scattered among multiple journals and lacks visibility and the conceptual integrity of a scholarly discipline and body of knowledge. The paper puts forward that engineering is well positioned to make an original contribution to entrepreneurship as engineers and entrepreneurs both are seen as “creators”. Engineering can contribute a systems perspective to understanding the entrepreneurial phenomenon and can offer a well-developed formal and mathematical apparatus to further the understanding of complex non-linear and dynamic processes in the creation of new ventures. The engineering code of ethics provides a broader basis to understand entrepreneurial motivations including utilitarian and esthetic values than a one-dimensional economic profit maximization assumption alone. The paper discusses elements of a research road map to develop this view. View full abstract»

  • Freely Available from IEEE

    Organizing committee


    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306375
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

  • Freely Available from IEEE

    Message from program chair

    Yurkovich, Stephen
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306377
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

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    Patent comparison of world and Chinese top fabless semiconductor companies during a business recovery period

    Tao Zhang ; Xu Zhang ; Yunhua Zhao
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306363
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 294 - 299

    IEEE Conference Publications

    As one of business models in semiconductor industry, the fabless model has been widely accepted and adopted as a successful business model since 1990, because of its relatively lower investment and faster rewards. The first fabless company started up in the USA in 1978, while China has its first fabless company in Shanghai in 2001. In order to develop national semiconductor industry, China government issued a series of policies and also provided financial supports. In 2011, under the 12th 5-year plan, two of thirteen science and technology major specific projects are related to the semiconductor industry. This paper showed the sales revenues of top world and Chinese fabless companies from 2003 to 2010 and compared the patent applications between them, including US patents, China patents, and PCT as well as EPO patents from 2002 to 2011. The problems of Chinese fabless companies faced were discussed in terms of industry scale, technology innovation and the internationalization of R&D. The recommendations for China government decision makers were presented at last. View full abstract»

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    The influence of architecture in product families

    Arias, J.M.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306386
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 78 - 83

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Productiveness is an issue when it comes to manufacturing. This paper discusses the advantages of using a system architecture approach within the context of product design and development. It shows how the philosophy behind the theory of systems architecting can induce lower costs and shorter schedules, without affecting the specification of the product under development. This also leads to the concept of product families. View full abstract»

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    Can you hear me now? The importance of location for knowledge transfer in the telecommunications sector

    Johnson, D.K.N. ; Moore, J. ; Lybecker, K.M.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306414
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 300 - 307

    IEEE Conference Publications

    This paper examines the evidence on the clustering of innovators within the telecommunications sector, using U.S. patent citation data to trace their locations over time. While clustering is clearly evident, we use multivariate left-censored Tobit regression analysis to control for identifiable factors, showing that the distance between successive innovators has been rising over time, perhaps even exponentially. View full abstract»

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    External knowledge sourcing and involvement in standardization - Evidence from the community innovation survey

    Blind, K. ; de Vries, H. ; Mangelsdorf, A.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306399
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 9

    IEEE Conference Publications

    In this paper, we explore the relationship between firms' external knowledge sourcing and their decision to participate in standardization alliances. Based on micro data we show that the importance of external knowledge is positively correlated with participation in standardization. This suggests that firms aim to access the knowledge of other companies and stakeholders in order to increase their own knowledge base. The analysis also shows that firms cooperating with different actors are more likely to join standardization. Due to the positive relationships with incoming knowledge spillovers and forms of cooperation, we conclude that standardization represents a specific form of collaborative knowledge-sharing and knowledge-creating strategy. In addition, we are able to show that absorptive capacity measured via companies' research intensity promotes the involvement in standardization. View full abstract»

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    Analysis on bifferences between Japan and the USA on pathway from research and development to industry: Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL)

    Mamoru, U. ; Shuzo, F.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306353
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 230 - 238

    IEEE Conference Publications

    This article covers the linkage of science and technology, and the decision-making of management on the road from research and development (R&D) to industry. We selected Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser (VCSEL) as a case study. VCSEL is well-known as one of most successful Japanese inventions in the field of opto-electronic semiconductor devices. “Although Japan has been playing a leading role in VCSEL technology, why is VCSEL business successful in the USA and not in Japan?” To give a solution to this question, we analyze technical papers and patents, and at the same time we pay such attention to the academia-industry-government alliance and mobilization of key people, in the USA and Japan, respectively. After that we discuss this case from a viewpoint of innovation management strategies. View full abstract»

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    A study on foreign investment and development of water business in China: Based on agency approach

    Yanyan Feng ; Fujiwara, T.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306348
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 393 - 397

    IEEE Conference Publications

    China faces severe water shortage and pollution problems, which are affecting China's sustainable economic growth and social development. China's water market reforms have created many opportunities for foreign companies. Most foreign companies' access into China's water market is in the form of BOT, TOT, and joint ventures. Especially the BOT is main contract style for PPP of this business between foreign infrastructure investors and the local government. But there is a possibility of conflict between moral hazard of foreign private companies and the monitoring by the government due to incentive for investors. Here by a game theory approach, we analyzed following questions: what is the reasonable win-win relationship between foreign companies and the Chinese government in this type of projects? From an agency or game theoretical approach, we modeled the relationship between potential moral-hazard behavior of the private company and the monitoring cost and social utility for the government. Finally we wish to propose the Pare optimum solution as less moral hazard and lower monitoring cost contact type. View full abstract»

  • Freely Available from IEEE

    Keyword index


    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306373
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

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    Critiques of the existing techniques for the evaluation of renewable energy projects

    Chen-Yu Chang
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306359
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 151 - 158
    Cited by:  Papers (1)

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Renewable energy investment is an integral part of sustainable economic development agenda. Whereas some important advances have been made in recent years to assist project investors in evaluating real options embedded in renewable energy projects and making better use of financial risk management instruments, this research asserts that, owing to failure to consider both behavioral uncertainty and the limit of risk transfer, these approaches may still lead to a biased evaluation result. Drawing on a novel concept of “risk-bearing capacity”, investors can coherently incorporate the choice of financial protection into investment evaluation. View full abstract»

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    Sustainable strategic alignment of actual project portfolio execution: Application and exploratory case study

    Thornley, R.K.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306411
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 374 - 381

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Although “sustainability” is most often used to describe environmental and energy issues, this paper asserts that one of the greatest threats to sustainability in any form is the failure of organizational strategies, policies, and initiatives to translate into actual project execution and work results that are consistent with those ideals. This paper discusses this gap between strategic priorities and actual project execution, and considers the concept as well as proposes a measurement of “strategic alignment” that facilitates more sustainable alignment of project portfolio execution. I provide the initial mathematical and practical justification for a simple measure of the degree to which actual project work in a project portfolio “aligns” with strategic priorities. A case study is reported to illustrate the practical utility and elegance of the approach. View full abstract»

  • Freely Available from IEEE

    Preliminary call for papers


    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306376
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 1

    IEEE Conference Publications

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    Fuzzy quality function deployment (FQFD) to assess student requirement in engineering institutions: An Indian prospective

    Upadhyay, R.K. ; Raj, K.H. ; Dwivedi, S.N.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306364
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 364 - 368

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Quality is a complex and multifaceted concept. It is being increasingly recognized that high quality of products and services and their associated customer satisfaction are the key elements for survival of any organization. It is the basis that differentiates between a mediocre and an excellent organization. This concept is equally important for an engineering education system. The present paper hybridizes QFD with fuzzy dominance order to assess the student requirements in engineering education system. It uses content analysis and nominal group technique (NGT) to identify requirements. Fuzzy dominance order has been used to establish democratic wisdom to identify customer requirements. Relation matrix used in traditional QFD has been replaced with aggregated fuzzy relation matrix to justify subjective responses. The results obtained by this approach and traditional QFD approach are compared using Interpretive Structural Model (ISM) for deployable elements of technical requirements as yardstick. View full abstract»

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    Disaster relief management - A dynamic network perspective

    Weber, C. ; Sailer, K. ; Katzy, B.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306403
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 167 - 176

    IEEE Conference Publications

    For reaching the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and sustainability, disasters form a recurring threat. In disaster management, dominant vertical approaches of organizational and management theory cannot solve persisting coordination problems. This paper proposes an actor-network perspective instead to understand coordination dynamics between heterogeneous local and global actors. It reconstructs dynamics of relief in a sample of disaster management networks after Tsunami 2004. Emergence and coordination of networks are examined triangulating critical incident technique, actor-network approach and content analysis. Disaster management, in an entrepreneurial perspective, appears as critical incident to sustainable local development where opportunities for innovation are seized or wasted. First suggestions regarding better coordination are derived. View full abstract»

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    The implications of R & D management for organisational effectiveness: A literature review

    Marafon, A.D. ; Ensslin, L. ; de Oliveira Lacerda, R.T. ; Ensslin, S.R.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306380
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 202 - 211

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Contemporary companies have been concerned in making research and development (R & D) management effectively, because the investments on its activities have increased, and such issues are present in the strategic decisions of organisations. Thus, this paper critically reviews the most important papers in the literature and expands researchers' knowledge about R & D management by forming a bibliographic portfolio of the topic in order to identify the most important articles, authors, and journals and, additionally, to identify potential research in this area. A systemic literature review was performed using a structured process known as Knowledge Development Process-Constructivist (ProKnow-C), which leads to four steps: (i) relevant article selection for the portfolio, (ii) bibliometric analysis, (iii) systemic analysis, and (iv) research question definition of future research. This process enables researchers to build knowledge on the subject, showing several gaps in the current literature and instigating new works. Its importance lies in the framework available for future research about R & D and in the legitimation of the systemic literature review process as a knowledge generator. View full abstract»

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    Information sharing in a spares demand system

    Jing Lin ; Ghodrati, B.
    Technology Management Conference (ITMC), 2012 IEEE International

    DOI: 10.1109/ITMC.2012.6306382
    Publication Year: 2012 , Page(s): 36 - 44

    IEEE Conference Publications

    Spare parts inventory management differs from other manufacturing inventory managements mainly due to its speciality in function with maintenance. Furthermore, spares demand management shows more complexities and differs from other productions' SCM (Supply Chain Management). Recently, studies on information sharing in SCM attract more and more researchers' attention because of its ability to counter the so-called “bullwhip effect”. Based on the authors' consultant experiences and studies in practice, information sharing also plays a pivotal role on optimizing the effectiveness of the spares demand system. However, discussions those stand in the point of spares optimization management are limited, which should be a better combination of practical as maintenance engineers and managers making decision support for spares management. Therefore, this paper aims to help them to understand the information sharing in a spares demand system, to illuminate how to optimize the systems' performance with it, and to elaborate how to improve information sharing process itself. First, a spares demand system was promoted, and information sharing in the system was investigated from a downstream and an upstream process separately. Second, performances of information sharing in such spares demand system were discussed from both qualitative and quantitative viewpoints. Third, the effective ways regarding information sharing utilization to optimize the spares demand system came into question. And finally, how to improve information sharing process in the mentioned system was discussed. View full abstract»

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