A crucial part of the IEEE's mission is to provide highly relevant technical information. IEEE periodicals (journals, transactions, letters, and magazines) have implemented a rigorous peer review process to ensure the high quality of their technical material.
Consistent with IEEE's policies and procedures, all scientific papers and communications published in regular IEEE periodicals shall be reviewed by at least two referees who are competent and have experience in the area of the subject matter of the paper. Referees are formal reviewers whose comments and opinions will form the basis upon which the Editor will decide whether or not to publish the paper, and with what changes. IEEE requires that referees treat the contents of papers under review as privileged information, not to be disclosed to others before publication.
Everything within this review process must be done openly, except that the referees are protected from personal interactions with the author by withholding their names. The Editor's decision is always based on all the reviews received, but mixed reviews present the need for the exercise of editorial judgment. Thus, the final decision for acceptance or rejection lies with the Editor. The review process shall ensure that all authors have equal opportunity for publication of their papers.
Submissions to IEEE conferences are also requested to undergo a review process by independent referees who are conversant with the pertinent subject area. The manner of implementation of the process is defined by the appropriate governing body (for example, Society, Region, Section, etc.) of the IEEE major sponsor organization. Conferences that are held in cooperation with non-IEEE organizations are encouraged to have a review process that is consistent with this approach.
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